From 'Unstable Acts' by David Fenton (in Live Research, 2012)
1. Identify focus of research: an intense interest
2. Literature Review
3. Creative developments: productions have different emphasis and refine the focus of research
4. Analysis after each creative development: praxis: ‘a dialectial relationship between the two (practice and theory) in which theory can lean from practice as well as direct and inform it’.
5. Generate assumptions about the form and process of work.
6. Generate ‘qualifications of practice’ concerning original assumptionsCrystallize qualifications with thick data: journals, interviews. Compare field data with assumptions of practice
7. Qualifications from all creative developments are summarized into findings
Double Loop Learning
Action Theory (by Donald A Schon): systematic way of assessing effectiveness of practice: ‘contradiction between what we say we do and what we actually do is at the heart of ineffective practice. Practice must be examined to achieve congruence. Model is a reminder of assumptions that began creative journey
Data Collection and Analysis model
(taken from Sonya Lifschitz Phd, 2014)
In practice led research, knowledge is seen as emergent, contingent, and inductive. An emphasis is placed on creation of meaning as embodied knowledge, derived from the act of ‘making’. Meaning is derived from reflecting on interactions and collaborative practices. A rigorous analysis and interpretation of ‘data’ is then required. The knowledge gathered has significance for the practice.
Thematic analysis facilitates the organisation and ‘rich’, detailed description of the data set. It enables the researcher to interpret and connect the patterns and themes within the data to arrive at a meaningful and coherent model for explaining the various aspects of the research. It involves reducing the entire data set to a series of concepts (codes), which are then combined into more abstract, overarching categories.
Stage One – Identifying Codes
material labelled with an appropriate code that “symbolically assigns a summative, salient, essence-capturing, and/or evocative attribute for a portion of language-based or visual data’. Through several cycles of coding, the codes are refined and re- configured, all data pertaining to a specific code is collated and organised together to facilitate the next, higher level of analysis.
Stage Two: From Codes to Categories
applying (and re-applying) codes to qualitative data and arranging the codes in a systematic manner that enables the researcher to glean the patterns and connections within the data.
Stage Three: From Categories to Themes
the major categories are compared with each other and consolidated in various ways, you begin to transcend the ‘reality’ of your data and progress toward the thematic, conceptual, and theoretical.
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